The Definition of Bitcoin best way to invest in bitcoin
Almost everyone now knows about best way to invest in bitcoin trading. While most people have had success with the currency, there are others that have faced challenges. If you are planning on getting into the market here are some of the things you should be wary of:
The bitcoin wallet
To use the coins, you need a digital wallet. It can be an app, hardware or cloud based. Some best way to invest in bitcoin companies help beginners by automatically generating the wallets for them. You can store the purses online or offline. For security reasons, save yours online and ensure that the password protects it. Avoid an online wallet as it can easily be hacked. If you have to use the unit keep a limited amount of money in it.
While this is the case, it doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t be conversant with the prices in the market. Regularly visit forums and related places to find the current prices of the coins. Who knows you might find it profitable selling it at the current prices? Bitcoin investing can be quite lucrative
Getting Started With best way to invest in bitcoin:
Bitcoin is a revolutionary way to save or spend digital money, and has the potential to transform other realms too. You don’t need to be a mathematician or a cryptographer to understand it, and when you start to see how the system comes full circle, you may be delighted. This is the first of three parts.
Let’s say I send you a movie or song over the Internet. I attach a file to an email, and once I hit send, you have it. You can watch the movie or delete it. You can do what you want with the movie.
But keep this in mind: I still have a copy.
This is how digital information typically moves around the Internet. You don’t really transfer content, you copy it. And so far, this has worked out pretty well: Although it may not be legal or fair, copying a song or movie is unlikely to devastate the economy.
But now think about copying money.
If I send you a dollar, it’s important that I don’t get to keep a copy. Using email to make infinite digital money might seem attractive at first, but what happens once everyone starts doing it? There would be rampant inflation and the economy would fall down.
Traditionally, in the world of wire transfers and debit cards, digital money is tracked centrally to prevent duplication. A database, at your bank for example, verifies who owns what. This system relies on centralized authority, which is a familiar concept, so we “get it.” Of course, that central authority has complete control over your money.
But what if there’s another way? What if, instead of relying on an fallible centralized authority to assure us of who has what, we rely on distributed authority that isn’t controlled by a single party? What if our money has value not because we trust the power of a government to back it, but because we trust the power of math?
This takes us to Bitcoin.
Bitcoin is a system of digital currency that is not associated with any government or institution.
Somewhat confusingly, the word “bitcoin” (without capitalization) is also the name used for the currency itself. The system (Bitcoin) was created in 2009, but the units of currency (bitcoin) are being generated continuously through a process called mining. It’s sort of like gold mining, but for the digital 21st Century.
All transactions on the Bitcoin network are permanently recorded in a long list called the blockchain. This is not a secret list guarded by a central authority. It is a widely distributed public list, and every participating computer has a copy of it.
The Bitcoin blockchain is an immutable, public, distributed ledger:
By immutable, I mean that once a record has been in the blockchain for a couple hours, changing or erasing it becomes infeasible. This happens because so many other transactions have been built on top of it by then.
By public, I mean that anyone, not just a bank employee, can look at the blockchain. This doesn’t mean that you can see exactly who is sending or receiving money, because records are pseudonymous — identity is obscured through the use of pseudonyms, which are typically short-lived.
By distributed, I mean that synchronized copies of the blockchain are held by computers all over the world. There is no canonical master copy; all copies are created equal.
And finally, by ledger, I mean that the blockchain is a list of transactions. Think of it like your Venmo transaction list, if you know what that is.
This distributed ledger is called the “blockchain” because individual transactions get grouped into larger “blocks,” which are chained together in a sequence. This is faster than adding transactions one-by-one, and a new block of transactions is created every 10 minutes or so.
To better illustrate the power of an immutable, public, distributed ledger, let’s imagine a common but hypothetical situation involving $5 worth of bitcoin. (The value of a bitcoin can rise or fall, but $5 is likely just a fraction of a single bitcoin.)
In our hypothetical situation, my friend Elizabeth sends me $5 in bitcoin, a transaction recorded in the blockchain — because every transaction is. In turn, I send $5 to you because every copy of the blockchain now shows that I own the money that used to belong to Elizabeth. Nobody involved — me, you, or Elizabeth — needs to ask an authoritative central database who owns what, or for permission. Authority is decentralized; it is in every copy of the blockchain, everywhere.
You may be wondering: Where did Elizabeth get that bitcoin she sent to me?
The short answer is that someone probably sent it to her. This is how almost everyone gets their bitcoin.
But those coins had to be created initially. How did that happen?
How a Bitcoin is Born
U.S. dollars are born when the U.S. government prints them, and other traditional currencies are also issued by their respective governments. A long time ago, U.S. dollars were backed by an equivalent amount of gold in the U.S. treasury, and in those days creating additional currency required coming up with commensurate gold — hence the popularity of gold mining.
A bitcoin is also created through a process called mining. It’s digital mining, accomplished with computers and software rather than dynamite and shovels. In order for a new block of transactions to be added to the blockchain, a burdensome math problem must be solved, and the “miner” who solves the problem first is rewarded with brand new bitcoins. That’s how bitcoins are mined.
In other words, mining does two things: It adds blocks to the blockchain and it creates new bitcoin. And that math problem that the miners are racing to solve involves something called hashing.
A hash is a fingerprint for data, in that it uniquely identifies a piece of digital content — whether the content is a photo, a photo album, a movie, a password, text, or whatever. It is derived from the digital content, through a process called “hashing,” and it can take the form of a string of letters, numbers, and other symbols.
Hashing is a core concept in computer science, widely used behind the scenes. To enhance security, online services often store hashes of passwords rather than actual passwords, and compare hashes rather than passwords when you log in. Facebook uses hashes to check the appropriateness of uploaded images. Nobody at Facebook looks at every image to see if it is violent or pornographic. Instead, Facebook takes images that have been reported as inappropriate and hashes them, creating a list of fingerprints of bad content. Every time a new photo is uploaded to Facebook, it’s hashed using the same function. The resulting hash is compared to the list of hashes of banned content — and if they match, Facebook knows the photo is one of the inappropriate ones.
Typically, when software runs a hash function, it takes input data— like a photo — and outputs a gobbledygook string, which is the hash.
So for example, let’s give this picture of a puppy to a hash function called SHA-256:“Puppy” by Jonathan Kriz is licensed under CC BY 2.0.
Clearly this picture of a sweet puppy isn’t violating any Facebook rules! Anybody can tell that. But no person at Facebook is reviewing the picture. Instead, software at Facebook checks the hash of the picture, which is this:8EC9D4718F919C6087CA589EDA09E7DD9A7ACCDB820F42B4196E1D0D4BEDE77A
That’s the SHA-256 result of that picture, expressed in hexadecimal. Not quite as cute as the puppy!
An interesting feature of a hash function is that if we change the input even slightly, the output will be entirely different. Let’s say, for example, that we change just one pixel of the photo of the puppy, by putting a 1-pixel black flea above his eye:Can you see the flea?
When we hash the photo, we get an entirely different hash, even though only one pixel changed:039E1AF92F7D00775ECE35C2216FC3F7F0BBCD31F912A105D2601380D8DEABA2
Now, we could use real content and real hash values for the rest of this post, but hashes are unfriendly and hard to tell apart. Instead, let’s use emoji to represent these inputs and outputs. In the example below, the input (the content to be hashed) is represented by the cat’s face, and the output (which is the resulting hash) is represented by a ribbon:
Imagine that Facebook has run a hash function on two inappropriate images — let’s call them 🚫 and ❌ — and the resulting hashes are 💩 and 💀.
Later, somebody uploads a photo, which we’ll call ?, because Facebook don’t yet know what it is. Facebook hashes the photo, and the result is 💩.
Although no one looked at the mystery picture, Facebook knows it’s the inappropriate photo that we’re calling 🚫, because the hashes match. No one had to look at the newly uploaded input directly, because it has the same hash as a photo known to be inappropriate.
Photo identification is just one application of hashing. Bitcoin mining, which creates new bitcoin and adds new transactions to the blockchain, is another.
So far, in Part 1, we’ve learned that Bitcoin is a decentralized currency, not generated by any government or financial institution, and what hashing is. In Part 2, we’ll learn how bitcoin miners use hashing to literally make money, and how cryptography allows bitcoins to be unique and non-copyable even though they are completely (and irreversibly) transferrable.Making Money Trustworthy
Bitcoin Explained (with Emoji), Part 2medium.com
In Bitcoin We Trust?
Jesus H. Christ folks. I’ve put off doing this one a little bit, in part because I’m a bit depressed/disappointed/confused/? in the direction this is headed. As always, I’ll leave my opinions until the end, so those of you who are strictly reading for the data herein can click “close” when I start ranting.
The Basic Attention Token ICO, lead by Brendan Eich, is an attempt to tokenize human attention on the internet. The ICO was certainly highly anticipated by the community, which I believe exacerbated the trends we’ve been seeing from the ICO space, as shown by my previous articles covering the Gnosis, TokenCard, and Aragon ICOs. Go read them, this one will cover that same information, and a bit more.
Here is the summary on the ICO specifics:
- Desired Cap: 156,250 ETH
- Start Date: Block 3,798,640, approx. May 31, 2017, 8 am PDT
- Potential Investment Window: 30 days or until cap met
- Practical End Date: Block 3,798,642 (timeframe of 3 blocks)
- Technical End Date: Block 3,798,720 (small fry txs to get to cap)
- Total Supply of BAT: 1.5 billion
- Total BAT for Sale: 1 billion
- BAT Development Pool: 200 million
- User Growth Pool: 300 million
How’d I Do It?
This was all done using Project Jupyter notebooks and the Pandas package. The transactions were retrieved using my Python bindings to the Etherscan.io API (tagging Matthew Tan). The methodology is very similar to my previous articles mentioned earlier, and the Jupyter notebooks of all of it can be found in a new Github repo.
In particular, I retrieved all transactions from the BAT contract address from Etherscan.io, and parsed out the ones that had an error or had a value of 0 ETH. This is my dataset. All conclusions and numbers are derived from that. That being said, the plots include all transactions, included the ones that had an error. I find it interesting to see the behavior of the contract with those that try and interact with it.
Let’s look at some stats from ICO:
- Total non-zero successful txs: 185
- Total unique addresses: 184
- Total tx fees paid: 70.15489 ETH
- Current num BAT holders: 2222 (as of June 5, 2017, 8:40 PM EST)
Practically speaking, the ICO was finished after 3 blocks. 99.9996% of the desired 156,250 ETH was put in by then. Below is a list of the top 10 contributors. The remaining successful txs are just people who asked for a small enough amount to get their transaction in.
Note that some have said the large transactions were the team itself that were the reserved pools. THIS IS NOT CORRECT. These are investors buying from the Token sale. The reserved pool amounts are outside of the tokens that were for sale. Go look at the website, it clearly states the breakdown.Top 10 contributors
Some lucky/smart bastard got two transactions in! His address is 0x001934d46ef025ec18f292f4c5f42ec85f2deb26 and here are the deets:
Ok, let’s look at the investor distribution, like we’ve done in the other breakdowns. Even though its a bit of a misnomer this time, it’s kinda my thing now, I guess. The first is the table, the second is the plot:Interactive Version: https://plot.ly/~CoreyPetty/186/percentage-vs-investor-group/
With only a few people getting into the ICO, its quite clear the vast majority of people who actually got to invest were large ETH amount contributors, and they were prepared.
Before I start my rants, if there is more data that you’d like to see in particular, leave a comment and I’ll try and add it. It isn’t that difficult for me to produce information from the raw data. If you’re capable, I invite you to do it yourself. You have access to what I’ve done and how I’ve done it through my github, use it, and answer your own questions! If you don’t know how, ask. I’d like to think this community has a strong desire to help others understand what we’re trying to build.
Thoughts on Trends in the Space, Some Warnings:
Guys… what the fuck are we doing?
It’s quite clear that the trends of the ICO space are getting a bit out of hand. Yes, I’ve only done analysis on the largest ones, and it can be said that BAT is one of the most legitimate ones. Brendan Eich’s track record, the Brave Browser actually exists and is in use (I personally use it for about 30% of my internet browsing), The amount of press, time, and instruction the team gave investors. All of these helped contribute to its quick sell out.Selling all of your tokens to a few individuals is not the point.
I think we can safely assume anyone that got into the BAT ICO isn’t planning on actually using BAT. I’m going to go out on a limb and guess that almost every single person who participated successfully is attempting to distribute the BAT they bought in order to make profits when they hit exchanges, taking advantage of the FOMO of these times.
I’m cool with making a buck and smart investment strategy. I can’t really blame the people who are doing it here, it was clear that was going happen if anyone cared to look at past ICO results. I blame those creating the ICO terms. The number one rule of blockchains that involve value transfer is that if it can be gamed, it will be. If your goal is to distribute your token to those who are interested in what you’re trying to do, then it is your responsibility to structure your platform so that the people you’re trying to reach are able to reach you.
Something else of note. We have no idea if the people actually doing the ICO aren’t investing in their own platform and making a profit off themselves twice. I don’t see why they wouldn’t. (pure conjecture, but clearly a possibility)
There are negative consequences if we continue along this road, namely:
- The FOMO associated with very short window, high value ICOs will artificially inflate the value of the underlying project, and fund a project with far too much money as a start-up. This doesn’t align incentives to provide a quality product to the end-user. If you raise that much money as a start-up, you’ve won. What do you care? You are required to have an extraordinary amount of ethics to continue to the best of your ability.
- This artificially inflated sense of scarcity boosts the price, and thus the underlying valuation of the project which they can’t operate it. It strangles them.
- If the standard moves towards this behavior, we won’t allow people to do enough due diligence. Investors will just throw money at every project, hoping one will stick. This creates an environment that’s ripe for scamming or poor quality ideas getting funded. A shitty white paper is not enough for millions of dollars of an investment.
- Eventually, some of these projects will fail miserably, and people will lose a significant amount of money. More than likely, the majority of these projects will not be able to produce what the set out to, leaving their community holding a depreciating bag of shit.
I love the idea of a token that represents the API key to your platform, and as your platform grows, those that add value to it get rewarded. There are plenty of ways this new model of business is going to change the world, but we’ve started off on the wrong foot, and the investors and scammers are going to do everything in their power to ruin it for us. This road can potentially ruin us at the very worst, or just set us back for a long time when something inevitably goes wrong.
Maybe I’m just being cynical, but I doubt it. Hit me with your thoughts.
Holla at ya Boi!
I do this because I’m curious, and feel this type of information is lacking. We need to keep an eye on “where the money comes from” as we build this community out.
As always, come listen to The Bitcoin Podcast and BlockChannel to hear me talk to people in the space about what they’re doing. Our slacks (TBP and BlockChannel) are always welcome to the community as well. I’m always present in them to talk.
If you don’t like slack, hit me up on twitter at @corpetty or email me at firstname.lastname@example.org
Throw me some duckets of you like what I’m doing, and have some to spare. The donations definitely help me stay motivated to do these:ETH and ERC20 Tokens
ETH and ERC20 tokens: 0x8F53781799515e5dc8f5D00C528940cAe99aC969BTC Address
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