Bitcoin is known as the very first decentralized digital currency, they’re basically coins that can send through the Internet. 2009 was the year where bitcoin was born. The creator’s name is unknown, however the alias Satoshi Nakamoto was given to this person. Bitcoin accounts cannot be frozen, prerequisites to open them don’t exist, same for limits on how to invest in bitcoin .
Advantages of Bitcoin
Bitcoin transactions are made directly from person to person trough the internet. There’s no need of a bank or clearinghouse to act as the middle man. Thanks to that, the transaction fees are way too much lower, they can be used in all the countries around the world. Every day more merchants are starting to accept them. You can buy anything you want with them. How Bitcoin works. You should explore bitcoin mining. It’s possible to exchange dollars, euros or other currencies to bitcoin. You can buy and sell as it were any other country currency. In order to keep your bitcoins, you have to store them in something called wallets. These wallet are located in your pc, mobile device or in third party websites. Sending bitcoins is very simple. It’s as simple as sending an email. Invest in bitcoin to get great returns.
You can purchase practically anything with bitcoins.Bitcoin Anonymity.When doing a bitcoin transaction, there’s no need to provide the real name of the person. Each one of the bitcoin transactions are recorded is what is known as a public log. This log contains only wallet IDs and not people’s names. so basically each transaction is private. People can buy and sell things without being tracked.
Bitcoin innovation. Bitcoin established a whole new way of innovation. The bitcoin software is all open source, this means anyone can review it. A nowadays fact is that bitcoin is transforming world’s finances similar to how web changed everything about publishing. The concept is brilliant. When everyone has access to the whole bitcoin global market, new ideas appear. Transaction fees reductions is a fact of bitcoin. Accepting bitcoins cost anything, also they’re very easy to setup. Charge backs don’t exist. The bitcoin community will generate additional businesses of all kinds.
What Makes how to invest in bitcoin So Interesting?A diagram of a bitcoin transfer
The bitcoin network is a peer-to-peer payment network that operates on a cryptographic protocol. Users send and receive bitcoins, the units of currency, by broadcasting digitally signed messages to the network using bitcoin cryptocurrency wallet software. Transactions are recorded into a distributed, replicated public database known as the blockchain, with consensus achieved by a proof-of-work system called "mining". The protocol was designed in 2008 and released in 2009 as open source software by Satoshi Nakamoto, the name or pseudonym of the original developer/developer group.
The network requires minimal structure to share transactions. An ad hoc decentralized network of volunteers is sufficient. Messages are broadcast on a best effort basis, and nodes can leave and rejoin the network at will. Upon reconnection, a node downloads and verifies new blocks from other nodes to complete its local copy of the blockchain.The best chain consists of the longest series of transaction records from the genesis block to the current block or record. Orphaned records exist outside of the best chain.
A bitcoin is defined by a sequence of digitally signed transactions that began with the bitcoin's creation, as a block reward. The owner of a bitcoin transfers it by digitally signing it over to the next owner using a bitcoin transaction, much like endorsing a traditional bank check. A payee can examine each previous transaction to verify the chain of ownership. Unlike traditional check endorsements, bitcoin transactions are irreversible, which eliminates risk of chargeback fraud.
Although it is possible to handle bitcoins individually, it would be unwieldy to require a separate transaction for every bitcoin in a transaction. Transactions are therefore allowed to contain multiple inputs and outputs, allowing bitcoins to be split and combined. Common transactions will have either a single input from a larger previous transaction or multiple inputs combining smaller amounts, and one or two outputs: one for the payment, and one returning the change, if any, to the sender. Any difference between the total input and output amounts of a transaction goes to miners as a transaction fee.GPU-based mining rig, 2012 Lancelot FPGA-based mining board, 2013
To form a distributed timestamp server as a peer-to-peer network, bitcoin uses a proof-of-work system. The work in this system is what is often referred to as bitcoin mining. The signature is discovered rather than provided by knowledge. This process is energy intensive. Electricity can consume more than 90% of operating costs for miners. A data center in China, planned mostly for bitcoin mining, is expected to require up to 135 MW of power.
The rule of requiring a proof-of-work to provide the signature for the blockchain was Satoshi Nakamoto's key innovation. The mining process involves identifying a block that when hashed twice with SHA-256, yields a number smaller than the given difficulty target. While the average work required increases in inverse proportion to the difficulty target, a hash can always be verified by executing a single round of double SHA-256.
For the bitcoin timestamp network, a valid "proof-of-work" is found by incrementing a nonce until a value is found that gives the block's hash the required number of leading zero bits. Once the hashing has produced a valid result, the block cannot be changed without redoing the work. As later blocks are chained after it, the work to change the block would include redoing the work for each subsequent block.
Majority consensus in bitcoin is represented by the longest chain, which required the greatest amount of effort to produce. If a majority of computing power is controlled by honest nodes, the honest chain will grow fastest and outpace any competing chains. To modify a past block, an attacker would have to redo the proof-of-work of that block and all blocks after it and then surpass the work of the honest nodes. The probability of a slower attacker catching up diminishes exponentially as subsequent blocks are added.Mining difficulty has increased significantly
To compensate for increasing hardware speed and varying interest in running nodes over time, the difficulty of finding a valid hash is adjusted roughly every two weeks. If blocks are generated too quickly, the difficulty increases and more hashes are required to make a block and to generate new bitcoins.
Bitcoin mining is a competitive endeavor. An "arms race" has been observed through the various hashing technologies that have been used to mine bitcoins: basic CPUs, high-end GPUs common in many gaming computers, FPGAs and ASICs all have been used, each reducing the profitability of the less-specialized technology. Bitcoin-specific ASICs are now available. As bitcoins become more difficult to mine, computer hardware manufacturing companies have seen an increase in sales of high-end products.
Computing power is often bundled together or "pooled" to reduce variance in miner income. Individual mining rigs often have to wait for long periods to confirm a block of transactions and receive payment. In a pool, all participating miners get paid every time a participating server solves a block. This payment depends on the amount of work an individual miner contributed to help find that block.
Bitcoin data centers prefer to keep a low profile, are dispersed around the world and tend to cluster around the availability of cheap electricity.A mining farm in Iceland
In 2013, Mark Gimein estimated electricity use to be about 40.9 megawatts (982 megawatt-hours a day). In 2014, Hass McCook estimated 80.7 megawatts (80,666 kW). As of 2015, The Economist estimated that even if all miners used modern facilities, the combined electricity consumption would be 166.7 megawatts (1.46 terawatt-hours per year).
Journalist Matt O'Brien opined that it is not obvious whether bitcoin is lowering transaction costs, since the costs are transformed into pollution costs, which he characterizes as "environmental spillovers on everyone else, or what economists call negative externalities."
To lower the costs, bitcoin miners have set up in places like Iceland where geothermal energy is cheap and cooling Arctic air is free. Chinese bitcoin miners are known to use hydroelectric power in Tibet to reduce electricity costs.Avalon ASIC-based mining machine ASICMINER ASIC-based USB mining device
A rough overview of the process to mine bitcoins is:
- New transactions are broadcast to all nodes.
- Each miner node collects new transactions into a block.
- Each miner node works on finding a proof-of-work code for its block.
- When a node finds a proof-of-work, it broadcasts the block to all nodes.
- Receiving nodes validate the transactions it holds and accept only if all are valid.
- Nodes express their acceptance by moving to work on the next block, incorporating the hash of the accepted block.
By convention, the first transaction in a block is a special transaction that produces new bitcoins owned by the creator of the block. This is the incentive for nodes to support the network. It provides the way to move new bitcoins into circulation. The reward for mining halves every 210,000 blocks. It started at 50 bitcoin, dropped to 25 in late 2012 and to 12.5 bitcoin in 2016. This halving process is programmed to continue for 64 times before new coin creation ceases.
Various potential attacks on the bitcoin network and its use as a payment system, real or theoretical, have been considered. The bitcoin protocol includes several features that protect it against some of those attacks, such as unauthorized spending, double spending, forging bitcoins, and tampering with the blockchain. Other attacks, such as theft of private keys, require due care by users.
Unauthorized spending is mitigated by bitcoin's implementation of public-private key cryptography. For example; when Alice sends a bitcoin to Bob, Bob becomes the new owner of the bitcoin. Eve observing the transaction might want to spend the bitcoin Bob just received, but she cannot sign the transaction without the knowledge of Bob's private key.
A specific problem that an internet payment system must solve is double-spending, whereby a user pays the same coin to two or more different recipients. An example of such a problem would be if Eve sent a bitcoin to Alice and later sent the same bitcoin to Bob. The bitcoin network guards against double-spending by recording all bitcoin transfers in a ledger (the blockchain) that is visible to all users, and ensuring for all transferred bitcoins that they haven't been previously spent.:4
If Eve offers to pay Alice a bitcoin in exchange for goods and signs a corresponding transaction, it is still possible that she also creates a different transaction at the same time sending the same bitcoin to Bob. By the rules, the network accepts only one of the transactions. This is called a race attack, since there is a race which transaction will be accepted first. Alice can reduce the risk of race attack stipulating that she will not deliver the goods until Eve's payment to Alice appears in the blockchain.
A variant race attack (which has been called a Finney attack by reference to Hal Finney) requires the participation of a miner. Instead of sending both payment requests (to pay Bob and Alice with the same coins) to the network, Eve issues only Alice's payment request to the network, while the accomplice tries to mine a block that includes the payment to Bob instead of Alice. There is a positive probability that the rogue miner will succeed before the network, in which case the payment to Alice will be rejected. As with the plain race attack, Alice can reduce the risk of a Finney attack by waiting for the payment to be included in the blockchain.
Each block that is added to the blockchain, starting with the block containing a given transaction, is called a confirmation of that transaction. Ideally, merchants and services that receive payment in bitcoin should wait for at least one confirmation to be distributed over the network, before assuming that the payment was done. The more confirmations that the merchant waits for, the more difficult it is for an attacker to successfully reverse the transaction in a blockchain—unless the attacker controls more than half the total network power, in which case it is called a 51% attack.
Deanonymisation is a strategy in data mining in which anonymous data is cross-referenced with other sources of data to re-identify the anonymous data source. Along with transaction graph analysis, which may reveal connections between bitcoin addresses (pseudonyms), there is a possible attack which links a user's pseudonym to its IP address. If the peer is using Tor, the attack includes a method to separate the peer from the Tor network, forcing them to use their real IP address for any further transactions. The attack makes use of bitcoin mechanisms of relaying peer addresses and anti-DoS protection. The cost of the attack on the full bitcoin network is under €1500 per month.Main article: Online transaction processing
Each miner can choose which transactions are included in or exempted from a block. A greater number of transactions in a block does not equate to greater computational power required to solve that block.
Upon receiving a new transaction a node must validate it: in particular, verify that none of the transaction's inputs have been previously spent. To carry out that check the node needs to access the blockchain. Any user who does not trust his network neighbors, should keep a full local copy of the blockchain, so that any input can be verified.
As noted in Nakamoto's whitepaper, it is possible to verify bitcoin payments without running a full network node (simplified payment verification, SPV). A user only needs a copy of the block headers of the longest chain, which are available by querying network nodes until it is apparent that the longest chain has been obtained. Then, get the Merkle branch linking the transaction to its block. Linking the transaction to a place in the chain demonstrates that a network node has accepted it, and blocks added after it further establish the confirmation.
While it is possible to store any digital file in the blockchain, the larger the transaction size, the larger any associated fees become. Various items have been embedded, including URLs to child pornography, an ASCII art image of Ben Bernanke, material from the Wikileaks cables, prayers from bitcoin miners, and the original bitcoin whitepaper.
The use of bitcoin by criminals has attracted the attention of financial regulators, legislative bodies, law enforcement, and the media. The FBI prepared an intelligence assessment, the SEC has issued a pointed warning about investment schemes using virtual currencies, and the U.S. Senate held a hearing on virtual currencies in November 2013.
Several news outlets have asserted that the popularity of bitcoins hinges on the ability to use them to purchase illegal goods. In 2014, researchers at the University of Kentucky found "robust evidence that computer programming enthusiasts and illegal activity drive interest in bitcoin, and find limited or no support for political and investment motives."Main article: Darknet market
A CMU researcher estimated that in 2012, 4.5% to 9% of all transactions on all exchanges in the world were for drug trades on a single dark web drugs market, Silk Road. Child pornography, murder-for-hire services, and weapons are also allegedly available on black market sites that sell in bitcoin. Due to the anonymous nature and the lack of central control on these markets, it is hard to know whether the services are real or just trying to take the bitcoins.
Several deep web black markets have been shut by authorities. In October 2013 Silk Road was shut down by U.S. law enforcement leading to a short-term decrease in the value of bitcoin. In 2015, the founder of the site was sentenced to life in prison. Alternative sites were soon available, and in early 2014 the Australian Broadcasting Corporation reported that the closure of Silk Road had little impact on the number of Australians selling drugs online, which had actually increased. In early 2014, Dutch authorities closed Utopia, an online illegal goods market, and seized 900 bitcoins. In late 2014, a joint police operation saw European and American authorities seize bitcoins and close 400 deep web sites including the illicit goods market Silk Road 2.0. Law enforcement activity has resulted in several convictions. In December 2014, Charlie Shrem was sentenced to two years in prison for indirectly helping to send $1 million to the Silk Road drugs site, and in February 2015, its founder, Ross Ulbricht, was convicted on drugs charges and faces a life sentence.
Some black market sites may seek to steal bitcoins from customers. The bitcoin community branded one site, Sheep Marketplace, as a scam when it prevented withdrawals and shut down after an alleged bitcoins theft. In a separate case, escrow accounts with bitcoins belonging to patrons of a different black market were hacked in early 2014.
According to the Internet Watch Foundation, a UK-based charity, bitcoin is used to purchase child pornography, and almost 200 such websites accept it as payment. Bitcoin isn't the sole way to purchase child pornography online, as Troels Oertling, head of the cybercrime unit at Europol, states, "Ukash and Paysafecard... have [also] been used to pay for such material." However, the Internet Watch Foundation lists around 30 sites that exclusively accept bitcoins. Some of these sites have shut down, such as a deep web crowdfunding website that aimed to fund the creation of new child porn.[better source needed] Furthermore, hyperlinks to child porn websites have been added to the blockchain as arbitrary data can be included when a transaction is made.
Some malware can steal private keys for bitcoin wallets allowing the bitcoins themselves to be stolen. The most common type searches computers for cryptocurrency wallets to upload to a remote server where they can be cracked and their coins stolen. Many of these also log keystrokes to record passwords, often avoiding the need to crack the keys. A different approach detects when a bitcoin address is copied to a clipboard and quickly replaces it with a different address, tricking people into sending bitcoins to the wrong address. This method is effective because bitcoin transactions are irreversible.:57
One virus, spread through the Pony botnet, was reported in February 2014 to have stolen up to $220,000 in cryptocurrencies including bitcoins from 85 wallets. Security company Trustwave, which tracked the malware, reports that its latest version was able to steal 30 types of digital currency.
A type of Mac malware active in August 2013, Bitvanity posed as a vanity wallet address generator and stole addresses and private keys from other bitcoin client software. A different trojan for macOS, called CoinThief was reported in February 2014 to be responsible for multiple bitcoin thefts. The software was hidden in versions of some cryptocurrency apps on Download.com and MacUpdate.
Some ransomware demand payment in bitcoin. One program called CryptoLocker, typically spread through legitimate-looking email attachments, encrypts the hard drive of an infected computer, then displays a countdown timer and demands a ransom, usually two bitcoins, to decrypt it. Massachusetts police said they paid a 2 bitcoin ransom in November 2013, worth more than $1,300 at the time, to decrypt one of their hard drives. Linkup, a combination ransomware and bitcoin mining program that surfaced in February 2014, disables internet access and demands credit card information to restore it, while secretly mining bitcoins. Bitcoin is currently being used as the ransom medium of choice in the WannaCry ransomware hack hitting many buildings in Asia and Europe.
In June 2011, Symantec warned about the possibility that botnets could mine covertly for bitcoins. Malware used the parallel processing capabilities of GPUs built into many modern video cards. Although the average PC with an integrated graphics processor is virtually useless for bitcoin mining, tens of thousands of PCs laden with mining malware could produce some results.
In mid-August 2011, bitcoin mining botnets were detected, and less than three months later, bitcoin mining trojans had infected Mac OS X.
In April 2013, electronic sports organization E-Sports Entertainment was accused of hijacking 14,000 computers to mine bitcoins; the company later settled the case with the State of New Jersey.
German police arrested two people in December 2013 who customized existing botnet software to perform bitcoin mining, which police said had been used to mine at least $950,000 worth of bitcoins.
For four days in December 2013 and January 2014, Yahoo! Europe hosted an ad containing bitcoin mining malware that infected an estimated two million computers. The software, called Sefnit, was first detected in mid-2013 and has been bundled with many software packages. Microsoft has been removing the malware through its Microsoft Security Essentials and other security software.
Several reports of employees or students using university or research computers to mine bitcoins have been published.
Bitcoins may not be ideal for money laundering, because all transactions are public. Authorities, including the European Banking Authority the FBI, and the Financial Action Task Force of the G7 have expressed concerns that bitcoin may be used for money laundering. In early 2014, an operator of a U.S. bitcoin exchange, Charlie Shrem, was arrested for money laundering. Subsequently, he was sentenced to two years in prison for "aiding and abetting an unlicensed money transmitting business". A report by UK's Treasury and Home Office named "UK national risk assessment of money laundering and terrorist financing" (2015 October) found that, of the twelve methods examined in the report, bitcoin carries the lowest risk of being used for money laundering, with the most common money laundering method being the banks.
In a Ponzi scheme that utilized bitcoins, The Bitcoin Savings and Trust promised investors up to 7 percent weekly interest, and raised at least 700,000 bitcoins from 2011 to 2012. In July 2013 the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission charged the company and its founder in 2013 "with defrauding investors in a Ponzi scheme involving bitcoin". In September 2014 the judge fined Bitcoin Savings & Trust and its owner $40 million for operating a bitcoin Ponzi scheme.
There have been many cases of bitcoin theft. One way this is accomplished involves a third party accessing the private key to a victim's bitcoin address, or of an online wallet. If the private key is stolen, all the bitcoins from the compromised address can be transferred. In that case, the network does not have any provisions to identify the thief, block further transactions of those stolen bitcoins, or return them to the legitimate owner.
Theft also occurs at sites where bitcoins are used to purchase illicit goods. In late November 2013, an estimated $100 million in bitcoins were allegedly stolen from the online illicit goods marketplace Sheep Marketplace, which immediately closed. Users tracked the coins as they were processed and converted to cash, but no funds were recovered and no culprits identified. A different black market, Silk Road 2, stated that during a February 2014 hack, bitcoins valued at $2.7 million were taken from escrow accounts.
Sites where users exchange bitcoins for cash or store them in "wallets" are also targets for theft. Inputs.io, an Australian wallet service, was hacked twice in October 2013 and lost more than $1 million in bitcoins. In late February 2014 Mt. Gox, one of the largest virtual currency exchanges, filed for bankruptcy in Tokyo amid reports that bitcoins worth $350 million had been stolen. Flexcoin, a bitcoin storage specialist based in Alberta, Canada, shut down on March 2014 after saying it discovered a theft of about $650,000 in bitcoins. Poloniex, a digital currency exchange, reported on March 2014 that it lost bitcoins valued at around $50,000. In January 2015 UK-based bitstamp, the third busiest bitcoin exchange globally, was hacked and $5 million in bitcoins were stolen. February 2015 saw a Chinese exchange named BTER lose bitcoins worth nearly $2 million to hackers.
A major bitcoin exchange, Bitfinex, was hacked and nearly 120,000 bitcoins (around $60m) was stolen in 2016. Bitfinex was forced to suspend its trading. The theft is the second largest bitcoin heist ever, dwarfed only by Mt. Gox theft in 2014. According to Forbes, "All of Bitfinex's customers,... will stand to lose money. The company has announced a haircut of 36.067% across the board."
Thefts have raised safety concerns. Charles Hayter, founder of digital currency comparison website CryptoCompare said, "It’s a reminder of the fragility of the infrastructure in such a nascent industry." According to the hearing of U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Small Business in April 2, 2014, "these vendors lack regulatory oversight, minimum capital standards and don't provide consumer protection against loss or theft."
Bitcoin Cash: What You Need to Know
Markets NeededBitcoin broke the gold barrier. The last time it touched this "third rail" was a shocker. It dropped precipitously and it required over three years to claw its way back. So far, so good. Japan is in the news of late. It now accepts Bitcoin as a payment method. Retailers and tourism are poised to receive a boost. Optimist think that this development will serve to increase bitcoin valuations and push adoption, at least in Asia. So here we are again. But maybe not. The SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) in the United States has essentially rejected bitcoin as an investment option. Repeatedly. The long and the short of it is, it can't be regulated internationally. It's too free. Oh, and some bad players might rip you off. And the SEC can't spy on every business in China -- and elsewhere -- offering bitcoin. If the SEC can't spy on you -- just to keep you safe you understand -- then its a non-player. A non-starter. Will the U.S. Government ever allow a legalized Bitcoin? This latest review might be a downer. Be prepared with a little gold and silver...and a bit of Monero. But let us dig a little deeper. In the obvious 'mine.' Bitcoin is an international monetary unit. A type of functional money. A large portion of the mining and transactions are taking place in China. China is not a cooperative country. It is a highly centralized communist dictatorship. It is not a friend of the world. As such, the U.S. looks at a the global picture. What is the global picture? Just as stated. Enemies must be very careful. They must take care not to be undermined in any sphere. Militarily, financially, even business relationships, are all areas that could pose a threat. Bitcoin poses a threat. A financial threat. It's just another part of the global currency wars. And you think Uncle Same will turn a blind eye? Will bitcoin be able to hold against gold this time around? Will math beat out a monetary unit which his existed for thousands of years? Will codes conquer substance -- gold? It'll be an interesting next few months as both sides, the crypto-lovers and the SEC (and the IRS and Uncle Sammy) go at it. Now Japan sides with crypto. But they need all the help they can get. Come to think of it so do we -- the U.S. But whose carrying the big stick? Thus far the answer, at least on a temporary basis, seems to be the people carry the monetary 'bitcoin' stick. Until, that is, governments become involved. Then one needs to make a choice. Shall you stay with bitcoin if any government attempts to influence its code, for example.? Or should you diversify? Before we go there, recently one the the most important core developers has bought something to the attention of the world. It the fact, according to Greg Maxwell, they've now confirmed it. Suffice it to say that a type of flaw in the bitcoin code allows some miners to mine 20% faster (called the AsicBoost). It's a real cash cow and why, according to some, the big Chinese mining companies do not wish to fix the code. See more here. That recent bit of news has faded for now. Litecoin has been around for awhile. To us watchers, the newest prices of LTC brings back memories. Maybe they can climb above $30.00 each again -- and hold. But wait a minute, it did! If bitcoin continues to lose ground, it seems to be the logical next "trusted" choice. And it is well overdue for a spike -- a pump. You would need to do the homework on it again, however. To see if you think "scrpyt" coins are as tough as SHA-256. It is really interesting that Litecoin moved ahead with Segwit. This improvement would "fix" the problems bitcoin currently faces. According to Maxwell, bitcoin, especially the ones making the "killing" in China, could block any such Segwit improvements to bitcoin. The bulletin boards are chirping that bitcoin will eventually adopt Segwit. But how can this be verified? It can go either way. Monero (and Aeon or even Bytecoin) need something really special before they will be accepted and acceptable, by the masses. Like real estate needs location, location, location, a currency needs...markets, markets, markets. They don't have them, yet. Trust is being built, however. Time does this. DASH has a bit more exposure, more markets, so in a sense, it is easier to trade and use. But based upon observational experience, DASH looks to be madly pumping and dumping. A crash back to earth should be expected soon. No sooner than I typed these words a few hours ago, DASH sunk over 90 million dollars...then 100 million... In the weeks that followed, DASH is surprising even me. Soaring to new heights and then crashing back. Is it only a "people pile?" Add to this, Craig Wright's recent mad filing of patents related to Bitcoin and it makes you go, "Hrumph!" Clearly, one blockchain isn't going to get it. We need security, not monolithic cryptography. The more the merrier. But blockchains, without flaws. Not possible really. There are always coding issues. Suffice it to say that psychologically, many will be looking for a cool million dollars on these recent run ups in value of many coins. Beware of trade volumes, however. Exchanges like Poloniex, for example, may only make it possible to sell $50,000 to $100,000 at any given moment. Which isn't bad, if their service does not go down. It's always safer to work on several exchanges and even use the decentralized ones, if you dare. And as for DASH. When will all the voluntary DASH nodes get cold feet? If you run a master node and have set aside 1000 DASH and that DASH soars in value; and you start seeing gold coins and big houses, swimming pools and nice cars, are you really going to keep your DASH? Do you think Duf-boy is not cashing in? How about after recent attack they suffered? You know they are thinking hard on it now. After reaching over a $200 a coin, you know they are wondering. PoloniexMost of Monero's and DASH's business is generated -- from what is visible -- on just one exchange: Poloniex. Many cryptocurrency aficionados often refer to some coins as being "owned" by Poloniex. In other words, that Poloniex is the "pump." That they can rig the game. At least push it along. Kraken finally added Monero. HitBTC and LiveCoin can also serve to stabilize trading. At present HitBTC is pulling some serious weight and could unseat Poloniex in the XMR realm. It's a wait and see thing. Thus far, neither Monero, DASH, Aeon or any other related "private" cryptocurrency, has the market pull of Bitcoin or even the taxed "Zcash." I call Zcash a post-mine. You mine some Zcash and they take their cut up front. And if you're asking about "Zcoin" then ask yourself how many developers are backing it, before you go that route. Add to all of this, the fact that Bitcoin may morph into a more private-centric coin in the near future. And just maybe the "devs" will try to level the playing field. If you trust them. Is this a good idea? I mean if you make better ASIC's to mine BTC faster, then what's the issue? Technology wins. However, if you are exploiting a backdoor of sorts, that's another thing entirely. It's not about being unfair, it's about a broken cryptocurrency. Maybe the "devs" have finally screwed up bitcoin to the "point of no return." Ease of UseMonero (and AEON) might unseat Bitcoin and Ethereum in the near future. DASH is certainly a contender. Bytecoin, a dark horse with alleged "scammy" beginnings. In all probability, Monero is best positioned to accomplish this, but there are stumbling blocks. The fact that Monero appears to be focused upon privacy, but the user does have the option to publicize transactions to a point, for taxes and other purposes. But we don't really know who the developers of these coins are. Doesn't that bother you? Aeon intends to do things a bit differently and this fact could usher in a entirely new method of monetary transactions. It's privacy with a choice to go public as well. Still, does it matter how good something is, if we do not have the name of the primary creator(s) of the "thing?" DASH is up front about its development, but is that a strength? Many cite DASH's "instamine" as a reason to steer clear, but look at the GUI -- the easy to use software. Test it. Then test Bitcoin or Monero GUI's. Who is the true underdog here? Or the best salesman -- as in "used car salesman"? "...separating the wheat from the chaff..." Remember the LaymanThe trouble one always finds in the cryptocurrency world is separating the wheat from the chaff. Scam-coins abound and even legitimate attempts to create a currency and/or monetary unit in this new "cyber-money-space" are often met with disdain, if not outright ridicule. There is much to read and understand, but with a modicum of foresight, one can judge a cryptocurrency by its cover and a bit of the innards, when they are visible. In short, the layman is often left confused and bored. Protection?Since currency and money are very sensitive subjects, the fact that cryptocurrency creators maintain anonymity, may be their only protection. I'm not spouting conspiracy theories, but judge for yourself, the number of developers of these technologies, who have been investigated, ridiculed, ostracized, fined, jailed and finally, imprisoned. SecrecyMathematical geniuses are taking on monetary totalitarianism and they are being picked off, like pigeons at the Vatican. No wonder Monero and Aeon developers remain private. They know the score. Using cyberspace to live free and a digital underground railroad -- to get the code out. DASH is taking a different road. It's letting the software do the work of anonymity. Some call this the high road. Others call this foolhardy. Evan Duffield, social engineer? And another thing, why would the creator of DASH admit on video (see time frame 36:15 in the above video) that he was once a "black hat hacker?" Once dabbled in a bit of crime? Isn't that a foolish statement to make while being interviewed by your employee...Amanda B. Johnson. The same Johnson who once referred to gold as a rock. A relic from a past age? Maybe she is right, but... Clearly these noobs need a PR person, but maybe it's too late now. And maybe it's all planned by Mr. Past Black Hat himself, Evan Duffield, in an effort to jettison DASH before the crypto-sphere collapses. Take his money and run. I mean really, do you think people are foolish enough to pour money into an "iffy" project, long term? Does not leadership or the lack of it, count? But let us not be obtuse. These new Fintech geniuses are attempting to rewrite monetary history and this fact is not going unnoticed. So it becomes a two edged sword? A scam that will result in many prosecutions or a success that will lead to mass adoption by governments and the elimination of private cryptocurrencies altogether. We may be investing in a scam or the next great cryptocurrency. Again, how do you feel about a semi-professionally run organization, like "gray hat" DASH, versus a secretly run Monero? Get that raw feeling in your gut? Bitcoin EraFrom the beginning, which we might label as the Bitcoin Era, the landscape of money itself was altered. Not only are the finance houses from the old empires attempting to catch up, but we the people are left with a choice. Do we allow ourselves to be governed by the chains attached to our wallets or do we evolve? Recently, Sweden rejected a state run cryptocurrency. Few even know about bitcoin. China is preparing to go full steam ahead with a state controlled "Communist Crypto." Any takers? But bitcoin, as I have asserted repeatedly, is a bridge to a better currency. A way to move from a valueless currency (fiat systems) to a valuable one. Maybe. In the meantime, we the people of earth, not nations, are at a fiscal crossroads. We are able, at this moment in history, to remove a thorn from our collective wallets. The thorn of control. That monetary mafia. Can you guess what I am on about? Bitcoin was the first lesson. Things like Monero, Aeon and DASH take the next logical step: privacy. Or partial privacy. But, Aeon, like Monero are the dark-horses. DASH, not so much. Maybe a gray colt, as yet UN-castrated. Meaning what would happen if the DASH team was pulled aside by the U.S. Justice Department? What is to stop the IRS from requesting the Book of DASH from Mr. DASH himself? Nothing. Always, there must be "updates," however. And the lords of control (the developers) will eventually and irrevocably, be remade. That's why things beyond the reach of our minders (our Deep States) must -- should be built. Because such constructs solve two problems: abuse by criminals and abuse of power, by our minders. But why does privacy matter? This video tells us why privacy remains important in the digital age. Final WordsAccording to Cryptocoinsnews, in a article titled "Coinbase CEO Armstrong: Ethereum Scaling Better Than Bitcoin," dated September 21, 2016, Coinbase (a Cryptocurrency Exchange) got an earful from Reddit users about Monero. If Coinbase or other such exchanges list Monero, this could certainly boost usage. However, if one considers the privacy of Monero, such integration could prove problematic for any Cryptocurrency Exchange. Bitcoin is public and the developers are known. Same for Ethereum. But Monero is private and only one spokesman has come forward publicly. Riccardo Spagni. But Spagni does not control Monero. Given the laws and rules surrounding the transmission of money, especially within the United States, one wonders how Monero could ever hope to comply, unless it allows (enforces) the option to "publicize" transactions. Unless Monero can trace Monero -- completely. And that would defeat its purpose, violate one's rights to keep his/her financial details private and, presumably, kill the coin. Now, there are ways to provide law enforcement with the ability to track your Monero transactions, but you must volunteer that information. With Bitcoin, it's far easier to investigate your every dealing, purchase, or savings amount, since all transactions and account balances are public by default. Then the question arises, would you ever volunteer to anyone, never mind your local intrusive government, how and where you store your cash? But the fact that Monero leaves that option up to the person, up to the user, takes the onus off of them. Does DASH have these same problems? Do former "black hats" lie? PredictionI'm not an Edgar Cayce type, but I just consulted my tea leaves. They say that Monero will soon be absorbing DASH's thunder. (Hasn't happened though. Bad publicity?) Bitcoin will begin a slow tumble, south of gold value; and some new form of cryptocurrency, easy to use, not energy hogging, private and secure, backed by "something other than air," will gobble them all. (No such luck on this prediction either. Bitcoin continues to defy even me. And Iota just seems to sit.) In the meantime, a certain U.S. based Cryptocurrency Exchange, with its recent approval to sell and trade new crpyto-coins from the SEC, will open it's more of its books to Uncle Sammy -- behind closed doors. (Actually, the aforementioned exchange is still fighting this loosing battle.) So what is going on? Really? First the SEC refuses bitcoin ETF's in the U.S., then they happily allow more crypto to be sold by a virtually unregulated "exchange" company. Do you smell something? In a year of two, after this, the audits will begin. That's is after the NSA and other more secret agencies, have ferreted about the crypto records room and played out all possible terrorist connections, foreign agent problems and similar. If us noob citizens are lucky, the good guys (the U.S. Government) won't eat its own. After all, the IRS wouldn't just take our money without first determining that tax evasion actually occurred right? Think again. Think hard. Do you really think that the "public" companies in America, the ones that sell cryptocurrencies, have not opened every private electronic vault to Uncle Sam? Yeah, I wish I had more Monero about now, but I am too concerned about the IRS and its gang of goons, who will pick me over like some nice road pizza. I use to like Coinbase, but since they are taking it up the you-know-what, I'd prefer not be present for the fun and frolic ahead. And one last bit of info. After they take down fluffypony, there will only be one standing: Aeon. Keep an eye on the Dude. Check that, keep an eye on the grandpa: Bytecoin. Disclaimer for the Lawsuit HappyOh, so that lawyers won't salivate, please note that the above Hub (you can call it a blog if you like) is in no way any kind of advice to buy, sell, mine or read about cryptocurrencies. In fact, everyone on earth should henceforth, stop thinking, buy government bonds or move to the paradise of Venezuela...if you think that private blockchains are not the future or at least a path on the way to better Fintech.